The United Nations, meanwhile, believes that there is sufficient evidence to accuse Putin of war crimes in Ukraine.
The ICC says the crimes were committed in Ukraine from February 24, 2022.
According to the ICC statement, the Russian President “is allegedly responsible for the war crime of unlawful deportation of children and that of unlawful transfer of children from occupied areas of Ukraine to Russia”.
If further said that there are “reasonable grounds” to believe that Putin “committed the acts directly, jointly with others and failed to “exercise control properly over civilian and military subordinates who committed the acts”.
Citing a report of the United Nations Commission of Inquiry the BBC said in a report that some of these children were forced to take Russian citizenship and placed in foster families due to which they ended up “remaining permanently” in Russia.
If further said that the transfers were meant to be temporary but both parents and children faced “an array of obstacles in establishing contact”. There are 16,221 children who were forcibly taken to Russia, according to the UN in investigators.
These acts have violated international humanitarian law and amount to war crimes, they added.
Lvova-Belova is a co-accused in the crime.
The UN panel of investigators said apart from rape and torture, Russians are also responsible for attacks on Ukraine’s energy infrastructure, said the BBC.
It also highlights the mass burial sites – in Bucha and Izium (in Kharkiv) – accusing Russia of more serious “crimes against humanity”.
There are also allegations from Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelensky of Russian committing 400 war crimes in the Kherson region alone.
The Human Rights Watch said that the ICC prosecutes the most serious crimes that are of concern to the international community, such as genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.
However, the International Criminal Court has no powers to arrest suspected and Russia is not a signatory to the treaty which set up the court (the Rome Statute), which makes extradition of any suspects almost impossible.
With inputs from NDTV