By K R Sudhaman
Speculation is rife that ruling DMK is trying to shun differences with BJP and coming closer to the national party in a bid to have better Centre-state relations and in the process Congress may become a fall guy. There are also rumours that Chief Minister M K Stalin may dump Congress as a section of the Dravidian party leaders see Sonia Gandhi’s party as more of a burden impacting development agenda of the regional party and state.
There cannot be smoke without fire and this speculation is gaining ground, particularly after BJP’s state president K Annamalai, a former IPS officer, met DMK president and Chief Minister M K Stalin over breakfast for more than an hour ahead of the recently held BJP national executive in Delhi. Also Stalin met Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently. The state Chief Minister is likely to meet Union Home Minister Amit Shah during a conclave of southern states in Tirupati to be held in mid- November.
Though the BJP national executive was convened mainly to discuss its strategy for assembly polls next year in seven states, interestingly there were discussions on how to spread its tentacles in states like Tamil Nadu, where BJP is still a minor player. Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Manipur and Goa have elections in the early part of the year while Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh in the latter part. Uttar Pradesh is where the main battle will be fought. This is because BJP is in power in this Hindi heartland and will go all out to retain power there, which is critical for its hold at the Centre. But discussion on how to strengthen BJP in Tamil Nadu also figured, which assumes significance. This is evident from the fact that several party leaders from Tamil Nadu, including Annamalai, participated in the national executive deliberations virtually despite the fact former minister Pon Radhakrishnan is the only national executive member from Tamil Nadu.
This gets credence as Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman referred to Tamil Nadu quoting Annamalai having said in reference to a resolution on Swatch Bharat at the national executive that in Tamil Nadu brides nowadays refuse to marry if there is no toilet in the home that they go to after marriage. BJP party president J P Nadda too in his address at the national executive emphasized the need to strengthen the party in those states where it has not spread its tentacles and mentioned by name Tamil Nadu as one of the states.
Though DMK is sending signals to come closer to BJP, the ruling party at the Centre has made it clear time and again that it would consider DMK has its rival in Tamil Nadu and will only oppose it. Some political pundits interpret the DMK move as an attempt to improve Centre-state relations so as to ensure smooth functioning. It is also seen as an attempt to keep corruption issues under wraps.
It is true that both the national parties BJP and Congress have mostly aligned with either of the Dravidian parties DMK and AIADMK since 1970s as they have not had much base in the state. Congress, which ruled the state upto 1967, got its base eroded gradually with most of the cadre joining AIADMK over a period of time since 1970s when AIADMK supremo M G Ramachandran was at the helm. Both AIADMK and DMK are cadre-based parties and their cadres are committed as in BJP and left parties.
BJP now has alliance with AIADMK and in the past it had alliance with DMK as well during Vajpayee’s NDA government. Mostly BJP has been in alliance with AIADMK. Likewise Congress too has had alliance with both AIADMK and DMK. Congress has been in alliance with DMK since 2004. At the same time AIADMK supremo J Jayalalithaa had good rapport with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh during UPA despite DMK being their alliance partner. See-saw alliance has been the hallmark of the relationship of national parties with Dravidian parties. This is because national parties have not been able to make their presence felt in the state on their own and have remained fringe players to Dravidian parties since 1967.
Unlike Congress, which has virtually given up hopes of reviving the party on its own in the state just as it is losing its relevance in many other states, BJP is keen on building the party in the state and capture power one day. Karnataka is the only state where it is in power in south India. In Pondicherry, it is a partner in the ruling coalition for the first time. Its cadre, particularly RSS, is spreading in Kerala but nowhere near capturing power so far. In Tamil Nadu and Telangana, the party is slowly spreading its tentacles. With an alliance with AIADMK in Tamil Nadu, BJP has won for the first time four assembly seats in 2021 elections. With a dynamic state leader in Annamalai, the party is confident of getting at least 40-50 assembly seats in the next elections scheduled in 2026. BJP is still seen in Tamil Nadu as a party belonging to Hindi heartland but with AIADMK being rudderless after J Jayalalithaa, it is quite possible the growth of BJP will be more rapid in Tamil Nadu than in Kerala, considering the fact that DMK has now become a dynastic party.
A good working relationship with DMK will be beneficial to BJP as its growth in the state will be smoother. For DMK it will be useful as it can have improved and better relationship with the Centre. So the speculation that BJP and DMK are coming closer may not be without substance. It may not lead to an alliance but will be for mutual benefit and smoother functioning. (IPA Service)